How Ticks Find Their Hosts

Ticks are ambushers. They live a simple life waiting for a meal to wander close by. They don’t run. They don’t jump. They don’t fly. They just wait.

Ticks don’t have very good eyes. They can sense movement, and that’s just about it. Their primary way of detecting their prey is through the use of organs called Haller’s cups on their front legs.

Ticks find their hosts by detecting animals breath and body odors, or by sensing body heat, moisture, and vibrations. Some species can even recognize a shadow.

Ticks pick a place to wait by identifying well-used paths. Then they wait for a host, resting on the tips of grasses and shrubs.

Ticks can’t fly or jump, but many tick species wait in a position known as “questing” ( ticks wave their forelegs).

Tick questing

While questing, ticks hold onto leaves and grass by their third and fourth pair of legs. They hold the first pair of legs outstretched, waiting to climb on to the host. When a host brushes the spot where a tick is waiting, it quickly climbs aboard. Some ticks will attach quickly and others will wander, looking for places like the ear, or other areas where the skin is thinner.

Haller’s organs allow ticks to sense the heat, carbon dioxide and odor given off by warm-blooded animals 3 or 4 yards (2,7-3,7 m) away.

If you find a tick crawling on your arm or in your hair, it climbed up there from somewhere around your ankles.

When the message that a mammal is close by is sent to the tick’s tiny brain, it raises its front legs (which have hooks like claws), using its other legs to hold onto a blade of grass or a low twig. Once the unsuspecting host brushes by the tick’s perch, it uses its claws like grappling hooks and hitches a ride.

Ticks transmit pathogens that cause disease through the process of feeding.

Ticks Life Stages and Feeding Process

Most ticks go through four life stages: egg, six-legged larva, eight-legged nymph, and adult.

After hatching from the eggs, ticks must eat blood at every stage to survive. Ticks that require this many hosts can take up to 3 years to complete their full life cycle, and most will die because they don’t find a host for their next feeding.

Infographic Linda Kocur

Most ticks found on dogs are ‘hard’ ticks. They have a hard shield just behind the mouthparts (sometimes called the ‘head’). Unfed hard ticks are shaped like a flat seed.  Female ticks engorge with blood when attached and can significantly increase in size.  Ticks do not burrow under the skin. Most types of ticks require three hosts during a two-year lifespan. Each tick stage requires a blood meal before it can reach the next stage.

Ticks crawl up

Nymphs are found from March through September, larvae are frequently encountered in the late summer into the fall and adults are often encountered from late February through early June. Because all life stages can parasitize dogs and cats, this means that ticks can potentially be encountered on our pets 8 to 9 months out of the year.

Depending on the tick species and its stage of life, preparing to feed can take from 10 minutes to 2 hours. When the tick finds a feeding spot, it grasps the skin and cuts into the surface.

The tick then inserts its feeding tube. Many species also secrete a cement-like substance that keeps them firmly attached during the meal. The feeding tube can have barbs which help keep the tick in place.

Ticks also can secrete small amounts of saliva with anesthetic properties so that the animal or person can’t feel that the tick has attached itself. If the tick is in a sheltered spot, it can go unnoticed.

A tick will suck the blood slowly for several days. If the host animal has a bloodborne infection, the tick will ingest the pathogens with the blood.

Small amounts of saliva from the tick may also enter the skin of the host animal during the feeding process. If the tick contains a pathogen, the organism may be transmitted to the host animal in this way.

After feeding, most ticks will drop off and prepare for the next life stage. At its next feeding, it can then transmit an acquired disease to the new host.

Tick-borne pathogens are not the only problem due to tick infestation. When ticks feed on their host, they draw blood and cause damage to the skin. Injury of skin and subcutaneous tissues leads to edema, pruritus, erythema, scaling, and ulceration. Excoriation can result in secondary bacterial infections. Along with these physical damages, ticks affect the productivity of animals by disturbing their normal behavior.

Tick-borne bacterial diseases not only affect the productivity of animals but also have zoonotic importance. Lyme disease is one of the major tick-borne bacterial diseases, which is rapidly spreading in Europe. It is estimated that about 10% of the total population of ticks are positive in Europe, and annually more than 85,000 human cases of Lyme are reported from the European countries. Lyme disease also affects domestic animals. Clinical signs and symptoms of Lyme disease in animals include lethargy, anorexia, lameness, and urinary disorder.

Ticks can transmit many blood protozoan parasites to their vertebrate hosts. Among these, two main groups of tick-borne diseases are theileriosis and babesiosis. Tropical theileriosis is characterized by lymph nodes swelling, high fever, and dyspnea. In bovines, animals having babesiosis show clinical signs including hemoglobinuria, jaundice, rapid breathing, and high fever.

Can ticks smell?

“If you ever find a tick before it finds you—that is when it’s still hanging out on vegetation hoping you’ll brush past it—you may notice the little bloodsucker waving its “arms in the air like it just don’t care.” They’re waving their arms because they are trying to get a whiff of you.” Meredith Swett Walker

While insects primarily smell with their antennae, ticks are not insects; rather, they’re arachnids, and they don’t have antennae. Instead, a tick smells using a structure on its forelegs called the Haller’s organ. The Haller’s organ is described as a tiny “sensory pit” that can detect chemicals like carbon dioxide, ammonia, or pheromones. It can even sense humidity and infrared light, which includes body heat emitted by the warm, blood-filled creatures that the tick wants to find.

When seeking a host, ticks wave their forelegs – do “questing” process. The ticks’ forelegs feature tiny sensory pits called Haller’s organs used to detect a passing host.

A better understanding of how ticks find their hosts may aid in reducing disease transmission.

Tick questing

Haller’s organ seems significantly different in each species of tick. In some species, the morphology of the Haller’s organ is significantly different between females and males. 

The Haller’s organ is an example of a multi-functional sensor that is very sensitive yet rather simple in design, compared to a vertebrate’s nose.

If we can better understand the structure ticks use to find us (and their other hosts,) we might devise ways to elude them. This could reduce transmission of serious diseases, as well as make ticks less of a creepy problem for people who work or play outdoors. 

The Haller’s organ plays a crucial role in a tick’s ability to detect hosts. Even though this sensory organ is vital to tick survival, the morphology of this organ is not well understood.

A new study in the Journal of Medical Entomology analyzes the the Haller’s organs of three tick species, including that of Ixodes scapularis, shown above. The Haller’s organ is a sensory pit on the foreleg used to detect heat and chemical odors emitted by potential hosts. “Landmarks” used in analysis of the organs are numbered. (Image originally published in Josek et al, 2017, Journal of Medical Entomology))

Ticks Use Haller’s Organ to “Smell”

Ticks utilize a small sensory structure on their forelegs called the Haller’s organ to locate hosts. Ticks lift up and wave their forelegs similarly to the way insects move their antennae lead to the conclusion that the Haller’s organ serves an olfactory function.

Haller’s organ helps ticks find hosts and mates because it functions as a chemoreceptor of carbon dioxide, ammonia, and other chemicals such as pheromone. The Haller’s organ is also used to detect infrared light and humidity, which is presumably important during host acquisition and when females seek an oviposition site.

How the different components of the Haller’s organ and its overall structure achieves these sensory functions, and how this then translates into observed tick behaviors, is not completely understood.

The Facts About Ticks: Ticks don’t Have a Nose Organ

Haller’s organs range in diameter from 10 to 100 µm and consist of a capsule aperture and an anterior pit which contains a group of setae.

Flea and Tick Prevention

While often the same products that are used to combat ticks are used to combat fleas, there are substantial differences between flea and tick control. One of the major differences is in the number of species that confront pets: one predominant flea species and at least 10 different tick species may be encountered. There can be remarkable regional variability in the number and diversity of tick species that infest dogs.

Although recent pharmaceutical advances have been made in flea reproduction control, such advances in the area of tick control are lacking. Our ability to manage tick reproduction is limited, if not almost nonexistent.

In most flea infestations, we have the opportunity to control flea reproduction by either killing fleas before they can reproduce or killing flea eggs, because we can often target the primary reproductive host: the flea-infested dog or cat.

But when dealing with ticks, the problem is that the majority of the reproducing ticks are not on the dogs or cats, but on their natural wildlife hosts. Because we are limited in our ability to manage ticks on wildlife, reinfestation of pets is a common occurrence, and protracted use of acaricides as preventives is routine in many areas.

Currently, DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) is considered the most efficient arthropod repellent reference substance.

The registered and recommended active repellent ingredients for skin and/or cloths application, among others, are:

National Library of Medicine

Tick repellents for dogs: what you should know when choosing

Tick control can be extremely difficult and because ticks are vectors of a variety of bacterial and protozoal diseases, we should have an understanding of the ecology of the ticks encountered in the area in which we live and spend time.

Because tick products do not kill or repel all ticks instantly, we may get the false impression that the products are not performing as well as in the past. Instead of setting the unrealistic expectations, we should consider more safety options, like covering dogs body with light clothes, avoiding areas highly tick-infested or rarely visited by others (with more hungry ticks).

Tick Facts: Cover dog Body to Add Safety Outdoors

100% tick kill is rarely achievable, perceived efficacy of acaricides may be directly related to the numbers of ticks to which dogs are exposed. If a dog is treated with one of these highly efficacious acaricides and encounters just a few ticks, it is likely that all those ticks will be killed. However, if tick exposure is considerably larger, expect a few ticks to be observed on these dogs, and pet owners may perceive a lack of efficacy. Therefore, in areas where tick populations are increasing, the perception may be that the products are not as effective as they once were.

A 95% effective flea product may provide great client satisfaction, while a similarly effective tick product may be perceived as a failure. 

Pet owners should be aware of a need to reduce tick-borne disease and a lack of 100% efficacy, occasionally additional control measures are needed (check our linen summer dog overalls that help to cover dogs body and reduce risk to catch ticks). Restricting pet access from tick-infested environments may be necessary.

Preventing ticks on your dogs

Your dog is more likely to come back with a tick than you are. So if dog owners really want to protect themselves from tick bites, it’s important they make sure their pet is protected.

The Strategist “The Best Tick-Repellent Products for Humans and Dogs”

Usually dogs love to play around the grass, deeper in forest, sniff all the bushes which means they act very suitable for ticks. We all know the sad part of this outdoors fun – ticks. And tick bites can get various diseases for dogs. Unfortunately dog vaccines are not available still for most of the tickborne diseases. For these reasons, it’s important to use a tick preventive product on your dog.

Dogs rolling around in the forest

Why its is so Important to Use a Tick Preventive Products on Your Dog?

The best way to deal with a tick bite is to prevent it from happening at all.

The Strategist “The Best Tick-Repellent Products for Humans and Dogs”
  • Ticks and tick bites may be hard to detect, especially if your dog has more fur.
  • Signs of tickborne disease may not appear for 7-21 days or longer after a tick bite, which means that disease can reach high level till you notice it happened. As sooner the treatment starts as more chances for dog to heal without harmful consequences.
  • So watch your dog closely for changes in behavior or appetite if you suspect that your pet has been bitten by a tick.

Talk to Your Veterinarian About Tick Prevention Products Best for Your Dog

  • Check what products they offer, ask why
  • Get information about tickborne diseases in your area
  • Check most popular tick prevention products in your area. There are studies that ticks get used to same chemicals and it can be more advanced to use different as most popular tick preventive products in your are.

Tickborne Diseases Dogs Can Catch

Ticks and pets by InsectShield

What You Should Do To Reduce the Chances for a Tick Bite

  • Check your pets daily, especially after they spend time outdoors.
  • Notice any changes in your pets behavior as early as possible.
  • Be sure you do everything for tick prevention list to reduce tick bite chances.
  • If you find a tick on your pet, remove it right away.
  • Reduce tick habitat in your yard.

Where to Check Your Pet Body for Ticks

  • In and around the ears
  • Around the eyelids
  • In and around nose
  • In and around mouth/check the teeth and jaws
  • Under the collar/harness
  • Under the front legs/armpits
  • Between the toes
  • Between the back legs
  • Around the tail
  • All body long

How to Check Your Dog Body for Ticks

  • Use your hands, go through the dog hair with fingers, slowly checking for anything that should not be there.
  • Use hair comb or brush to examine dog for ticks even more thoroughly.
  • Washing your dog after forest walk might help to notice ticks easier as well. Be sure its ok to bath your dog as often as you visit the forest. Use harmless washing soaps, or don’t use any if possible.

6 Ways to Reduce Ticks in Your Yard Naturally

  • Use plants that repel ticks. Like garlic, sage, mint, lavender, beautyberry, rosemary, marigolds or cedar chips as mulch.
  • Discourage wildlife visitors that carry ticks: deer and mice. Keep it clean, don’t choose their beloved plants in your yard.
  • Encourage tick eating wildlife visitors: like wild birds, domestic chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, guineafowl.
  • Design tick habits destroying landscape. Ticks love moist and shaded areas. So its recommended to get rid of brush piles, overgrown plants, long grass, use cedar chips as mulch (cedar oils are natural tick repellent).
  • Change diet to become less tick friendly. Consult your vet if you dog can get some garlic, it would give them natural prevention from ticks. Humans can have more products on their diet to become less tick friendly: onions, tuna, tomatoes, sunflower seeds, asparagus, leafy greens.
  • Loose light natural fiber clothing covering all body. It keeps ticks away from attaching to dogs body, and light colors will make ticks easier to spot.
  • Natural tick repellents. Natural essential oils as rosemary, cedar, lemongrass, peppermint, citronella, geranium are believed to be particularly noxious to ticks. Discuss with your vet if you are not sure about natural repellents that are friendly to your dogs skin. Use oils strictly as manual states not to burn dog skin.

Wear Loose Light Natural Fiber Clothing Covering All Body To Reduce Tick Bites

LINEN is biodegradable fabric made out of flax plants. That’s why it does not release plastic microfibers and is rated very high as eco-friendly fabric.

Linen is a strong, lightweight fabric that’s been popular since ancient times. It’s durable, breathable and naturally resists bacteria and moths. It’s made from flax, a versatile crop that’s easy on the environment. That’s why it’s a perfect match for summer dog clothes.

For Even Better Protection, Use Insect Repellents

  • Use insect repellents yourself. But please read carefully instruction before use.
Top 5 tick repellents for dogs
  • Use professional services to add insect repellents to your and your dogs clothes. For US clients we can offer Insect shield
InsectShield repellents protecting people and dogs from ticks

What You Should Know When choosing Tick repellents For Dogs

  • Ingredients: generally there are two types of chemicals that can defense against ticks: repellents, which can be applied directly to the skin, and pesticides, which can be applied to clothing. We also recommend to considered natural tick repellants that are described above.
  • Safety: Using chemicals on your skin and clothing can be a little scary. For that reason, its recommended skin-applied tick-repellent products that are tested and registered.
  • Efficacy: how long products retain their tick-defying powers, how many washes an item will through last before its efficacy wears off, which products are best for long- and short-term use.
  • Check this article for more best products for humans and dogs against ticks: The Best Tick-Repellent Products for Humans and Dogs by Katherine Gillespie on The Strategist

Best Summer Dog Clothes Protecting Them From Tick Bites, How to Choose The Right Ones?

Ticks start low and crawl up. If they get to the top of your head, it’s not that they fell out of a tree. Instead, they’ve crawled all the way up your body.

Dr. Thomas N. Mather, director of the University of Rhode Island’s Center for Vector-Borne Disease and its TickEncounter Resource Center

By covering our dogs with overall clothes we have a chance to prolong tick road to dogs skin. Be careful choosing dog clothes for summer as dogs can get overheated easily, we recommend choosing light loose natural fiber clothes that let dog skin breath and does not make any impact on dogs movements.

Whats Important While Choosing Best Tick Protective Dog Summer Clothes?

  • Check for light loose clothes that will let your dog feel comfy
  • Pay attention if clothes are suitable to go out: for example do they have an opening to pee
  • Look for light colors, so you can see climbing ticks easier
  • Clothes should be loose fit, but should not fell of the dog, not to harm if they fell off while running: check cuffs and adjusting possibilities.
How to choose right dog clothes for summer?

Protecting your dogs from ticks is important not only for your dog’s overall health but also for the health of your human family members. Using a quality tick repellent for dogs is a great way to protect your dogs from ticks, fleas, and many other nasty biting bugs. However, a tick repellent for dogs is not the only way you can help keep your dog safe from these dangerous pests. Read even more advices here.



How to Prevent Your Dog from Getting Ticks

Many people are aware of fleas when it comes to their dogs, but not enough about tics. Tics are the other main external parasite that are risky for our little ones during the warmer seasons. They usually start to be active during spring when the temperature reaches around 5 degrees Celsius. Tics can be found on dogs, cats, rabbits and most of the other animals. They are fed by the blood of a host animal. Tics are bigger than fleas so can be seen by naked eye. While the tics are feeding, they are injecting saliva into the skin. The saliva can be highly allergenic so a dog scratching itself may be a first sign of having a tics on their skin. 

Ticks can infect the dog with serious, life-threatening diseases such as Rocky Mountain fever, Babesiosis, Ehrlichia, and other conditions with equally unpronounceable names. 

We had an article about tick protection without chemicals earlier. This article is about ticks and various protections. And we hope you are open minded to choose what works best for your dog friend.

My little girl Lilly had Babesiosis last spring. We had big issues regarding it. A month took to heel. Every day was frightening. First off all dogtors had no idea what was going after Lilly recovered from Babesiosis but did not feel ok. It appeared, disease recovered, and later it happened one more time. So Lilly had like 3 babesiosis. It was scared to watch her. Active happy girl looked like in deep depression for a month. No smile, no activities, just sitting and looking to one point, or laying, hard to walk, nothing brought joy to her, even food. She always eat anything and that month she did not want anything, even meet, soups… I learned to cook to make her happy with food, but nothing helped. Thats why we are so afraid of any tick now. And you should be careful with it.

Where ticks can be found? 

Tics can be found mostly in wooden areas and tall grass, but also in your yard, or even walking on city sidewalk (Lilly got that awful tick last spring on sidewalk..). There are more types of tics but the one we should be the most worried about is named The Deer Tick. The loathsome deer tick, now known as the black-legged tick, is defined more by the disease it spreads than by its own characteristics. Significantly smaller than the more commonly encountered dog tick, adult female deer ticks are about as big as a sesame seed and have reddish hind bodies with black dorsal markings. Males are slightly smaller than females and are solid dark brown.

What is a Lyme disease? 

Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world. Some dogs may not show symptoms until 3 to more months after having it. Tick transmits bacteria knows as Borrelia burgdorferri. Lyme disease can be treated by antibiotics. Treatment last for 4 weeks, but the infection may occur again. Dogs may develop heart disease, central nervous system disorders or fatal kidney problems by having it.

The good news is that ticks need to be attached for 24 hours before they transmit disease to the dog, which means that prevention and prompt removal are key to keeping your dog healthy.  Here’s what can go wrong and how to prevent it. 


There are plenty excellent products helping in the fight against tick infestations. But not all anti-tick products are same effective. Don’t be seduced by the promise of ‘natural tick deterrents’ because life isn’t that simple and they don’t work if you are not familiar how to use it. Some natural protections can add safety, help you in this hard fight but not necessary do the whole work. You have to be open minded but still think logical when choosing and apply any of chosen by its best properties. Like supplements are very effective but it can not be used instead of food, you can use it together to make results better.

Some tick bites may be hard to find, especially when your dog has long hair. It is always a good idea to start with a thorough prevention:

  • Talk to your vet about possible tick products available on the market (those can vary from shampoos to topical treatments or collars).
  • Check your dog often, especially after a walk in tall grass or woods (look at their feet, around eyes or under their tail).
  • When the tick is found, you should remove it immediately and as soon as possible. The best would be if you visited a vet to make sure tick is removed completely and safely. Please read some instructions how to remove ticks, as you need this in your life and not always you can reach dogtor fast, so better be prepared.
  • If the vet is not available, learn how to do it yourself. There is even a tick removal tool on the market that you can get.
  • Once you remove the tick, you can bring it to your vet and they can send it to a lab to see if it might have carried any disease.
  • Medical approved prevention products – collars, tablet, drops… You should check all possible in your market and read about each. There is no one best, its your responsibility to choose which to use. Our vet explained that best works one that is used least in your area. Ticks in area get used to remedies if all dogs use same and the remedy is no more effective in that area, but it can be still effective in other areas or next season.
  • Have your dog vaccinated yearly – there is a few vaccines available to prevent getting Lyme disease (Borrelym).
  • Put clothing on your dog – on our website, you can find the perfect anti-tics overall made out of linen material that suits every summer weather and every dog. Clothes do not work as 100 % protection, its like supplement which can prolong ticks trip find dog skin. Usually its easier to see ticks on clothes then on fur.
  • Natural remedies like essential oils, sprays, amber neckless… it all can work or not, but none of these should be used as main protection.

Before and after walking tips

Prevention of getting dirty and having paws issues 

It is not confidential that our white fur friends need an exceptional care. I am sure that majority of you already see your dog after having a walk outdoors. The shiny white coat will still get that dirt on itself no matter what the weather is! Is that right? 

Let’s summarize some ways how to put a stop to having an extra work after a long walk outside and if so, how to take care of your dog’s fur and paws like an expert. 

Get your dog some clothing

Yes, clothing can absolutely help you saving some time with cleaning your dog’s fur. Clothing may be ideal in every single weather. On our website you can choose from all of the varying kinds of clothing based on your own feeling, you can either select style, material or size. It is all customisable. You can read more about different styles and functions of different clothes in our article about dog fashion:

Clothing may actually be superb even during the summer. Linen material can help regulate the body temperature or even fend off having ticks.

Rainy weather but your dog calls for a walk? 

We got you! With our custom raincoats for dogs, you can enable your dog to enjoy some fun even during overcast. They are adjustable, warm, made out of silent fabric and with light reflects.

Start with a routine

Thereafter a walk, before entering the home, each time you should clean your dog’s paws with wet cleaning towels. While your dog is resting, go and check the paws to see if they are okay. It is very important to take care of their paws since they spend the majority of time on their paws. Some of the mayor paws issues we should be aware of may be: 

  • Bacterial and fungal infections – the symptoms may be redness, dog licking the paws or brown discoloration of the nails. We can prevent having our dogs from having infections by cleaning the paws constantly, avoiding moist places such as rainfalls, stale pools of water and distancing our dogs from infected animals since infections are highly contagious. Those are usually fixed and treated with antibiotics and topical creams. You should always visit your vet to discuss the other steps. 
  • Paw injuries – occurs very often, can be seen as brides, cuts and tears usually caused outside after stepping on broken glass, sticks or rocks. This kind of paw injury may not be as serious as the previous one, once it’s treated in an early stage. Before treating the paw, we should use antiseptic or water to remove the debris. An ice can be very helpful as well!
  • Dry and cracked paw pads – paw pads can get cracked and dry especially after walking on rough surfaces, hot pavements, during cold weather or after long licking. Groomed dog’s paws and trimmed toenails is a first step for preventing having cracks and dry paw pads. If we notice such a thing, use lukewarm water to clean the paws and put on a healing balm which you cover with dog sock. You can find one of those balms on our website.
  • Burns – you should be more than careful during the summer days and walking on the hot asphalt during the middle of the day. Also, during the winter, it would be better to search for places where roads are not sprinkled with deicing salts. Vaseline or other protective balms work as a perfect barrier against chemicals. You can find a perfect protective balm on our website. Serious burns should be treated by vet.
Left paw before paw balm, right paw – right after paw balm

Dog tick protection without chemicals

Everyone talks about it, writes. We tell you as we understand it. You do not have to follow us. Equally, you shouldn’t judge, because we all know what’s best for our puffs. 
Today, with so many bad things going on in our world, we cannot forget the well-being of our little pets. They go through it all with us. Thanks to Dina’s surgery, visiting a veterinary clinic initially daily I have learned practically all of today’s dog health issues. In recent days, I’ve started hearing unhappy stories about ticks and the diseases they cause.  I always look for natural ways to protect my pups from these parasites.

I created my BEST DOG RAINCOATS brand in response to the need to protect my white dogs from dirt and rain during the wet cold season. Over time I have noticed that I can offer solutions to other problems as well. We love forests especially in summer time. But this caused us many issues: dirt, ticks, various stuff stucked in hair (we love to rub). This is how linen overalls were created. This is a great protection not only against ticks, but also from direct sunlight, summer dust and dirt.
No matter how skeptical it sounds, linen overalls (you can order them from our shop) are quite effective against ticks. Primarily because of the coatability of the coat. The more the body is covered, the harder it is for ticks to get on the dog’s skin, making it harder to suck in. Secondly, many legends have been written about the fact that ticks do not like flax/linen as such. For those who do not like chemicals and try to protect themselves and their pets as naturally as possible, any option will seem acceptable just to reduce the risk of ticks. Extra protection in any case. Third, the flax coverall can be spread with lavender, eucalyptus or lemon essential oils, which ticks are not very fond of. You can use the roller you use to collect dust and hair from clothes instead of spraying. You can even spray on the roller and take it to the forest, so you can renew protection and collect ticks at once. By the way, this remedy also helps protect against mosquitoes as well.
Several years ago we used and offered to you dry dog shampoo, which could also be used for dry bathing and protection against all parasites. But unfortunately its creator are no longer among us. We don’t have the equivalent of dry bathing yet, but we have a wonderful groomer that dry bathing is no longer a necessity. Evelina takes care of our fur so good that even at home there are almost no hair, westie hair are beautiful longer and have very little digestion, skin is not dry and hair is shiny. 
So the new wonder we discovered is BIOCOS academy’s protective aromatherapy spray for dogs (let me know if you want to try it out, I will give you details how to buy it, its made in Lithuania). Its active ingredients are nymph oil, aloe vera juice, essential oils of lemongrass, citronella, lavender, satin cedar and lemongrass eucalyptus.
How amazing is this composition? Let me mention a few benefits. Nimbam tree oil is rich in fatty acids and vitamin E, which is needed to restore the skin’s moisture balance, disinfect or regenerate the skin. So the nozzle will be great after sunbathing, skin bite irritation, excessive, dry skin for various reasons.
Aloe vera has intensely moisturizing, irritating, damaged, itchy skin calming properties. So if dogs skin needs help, this spray will help calm it down until you find the problem and its solution.
Nimbam tree oil and essential oil complex will help protect against unwanted insects and pests – fleas, ticks, mosquitoes. Spray the aromatherapy protective spray on the animal’s coat in case of dandruff, irritated skin. Also, use a spray before going out into nature – spray the animal’s coat well. 100% organic spray is safe for dogs of all ages. Careful, just don’t spray into dogs eyes!
By the way, I cwant to mention that hair combing daily keeps westie coat in perfect condition. Yeah. I was wondering why to comb if after few minutes hair looks like it was never combed. Combing stimulates dog skin. Stimulation causes fat release. Just like for us, but we, especially women, cannot tolerate when hair gets grease quickly. But look at the benefits of this grease for west highland white terriers. The fat that is released creates a protective layer for the skin and hair. Greasy hair are more resistant to dirt and dust. An oily layer on the skin protects dogs skin from environmental influences, other potential chemicals, dust, and keeps skin moisture balance. Just like us humans, for a healthy moisturizing skin, a protective layer of grease is needed to prevent moisture from evaporating and environmental irritants from penetrating to the skin itself.

Be healthy, beautiful, do not panic, take care of yourself and protect your little ones.